Pass

3 out of 3 indicators were rated as PASS.

All three indicators must pass for the bay to be rated as PASS.

Learn more about how this report is created

Summary:

The overall health in Sarasota Bay remained high in 2015, changing only very slightly from the previous year. Chlorophyll a and phosphorus showed very small increases, and nitrogen decreased. 

Water Quality: All three water quality indicators (chlorophyll a, nitrogen, and phosphorus) were rated as excellent (below their respective targets). The mean for chlorophyll a was calculated as an arithmetic mean and the means for nitrogen and phosphorus were calculated as geometric means (per the Numeric Nutrient Criteria outlined in the Florida Administrative Code, section 62-302.532). Mean chlorophyll a concentration was 0.0046 mg/l, below the target value of 0.0052 mg/l. The mean concentration of total nitrogen decreased slightly to 0.3873 mg/l, still below its target value of 0.490 mg/l calculated in 2010*. Mean total phosphorus concentration increased marginally, but at 0.0602 mg/l was still well below its target value of 0.150 mg/l.

Biotic Indicator: A survey of the biotic indicator, seagrass, was performed in 2014 by the Southwest Florida Water Management District. In 2014, the total area of seagrass in the lower portion of Sarasota Bay (the area within Sarasota County) was estimated to be 3,397 acres. The total for the whole of Sarasota Bay was estimated to be 10,261 acres, well above the target of 7,269 acres.

*A new target value for nitrogen has not been defined for Sarasota Bay because insufficient color data exist to perform the necessary calculation.

Sarasota Bay

Sarasota Bay

Water Chemistry Ratings

Total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and chlorophyll a levels are monitored carefully by water resource managers and used by regulatory authorities to determine whether a bay meets the water quality standards mandated by the Clean Water Act. The trend graphs for these indicators are shown below, along with their target and threshold values. A target value is a desirable goal to be attained, while a threshold is an undesirable level which is to be avoided. An individual indicator receives an "Excellent" rating if its mean value is below the target, a "Good" rating if its mean value is above the target but does not exceed the threshold, and a "Caution" rating if the mean value exceeds the threshold. Learn More about these ratings and how they are calculated »

The Five-year Rolling Average Graphs below illustrate the general trend of water quality parameters. They show a six-month running average, which moderates high and low values in the data.

Chart Legend
  • Trend Line
  • Annual Mean
  • Target
  • Threshold
Excellent

Chlorophyll a

Score: Excellent How was this determined?
Units: mg/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 0.019 0.049
Mean 0.005 0.005 0.00403777 0.0052000000
Low 0.001 0.000
No. of Samples 289 4866

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean
Excellent

Nitrogen, Total

Score: Excellent How was this determined?
Units: mg/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 0.670 1.870
Mean 0.389 0.17898999 0.5100000000
Low 0.040 0.030
No. of Samples 282 4664

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean
Targets and thresholds shown on this graph are advisory approximations computed by Sarasota County using recent data. Regulatory thresholds have not been established. Learn more about Sarasota Bay Nitrogen targets/thresholds »
Excellent

Phosphorus, Total

Score: Excellent How was this determined?
Units: mg/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 1.040 4.400
Mean 0.065 0.086 0.13447245 0.1500000000
Low 0.030 0.002
No. of Samples 294 4802

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Dissolved Oxygen

Units: mg/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 10.60 13.80
Mean 6.96 6.71 1.36638
Low 4.00 1.48
No. of Samples 273 15928

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Apparent Color

Units: PCU Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 48.00 98.00
Mean 9.30 13.07 9.46043
Low 3.00 0.00
No. of Samples 243 4727

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

BOD, Biochemical oxygen demand

Units: mg/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 2.90 9.20
Mean 1.15 1.17 0.74455
Low 0.50 0.50
No. of Samples 243 3367

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Dissolved oxygen saturation

Units: percent (%) Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 160.90 214.71
Mean 103.56 97.81 19.16687
Low 62.00 21.92
No. of Samples 276 15627

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Karenia brevis ("red tide")

Units: #/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 1128000.00 6380000.00
Mean 54867.72 55239.94 366071.89957
Low 1000.00 1000.00
No. of Samples 189 2534

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Light Attenuation

Units: K(1/m) Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 2.15 5.68
Mean 0.69 0.68 0.31247
Low 0.12 0.05
No. of Samples 261 3789

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Nitrogen, Ammonia + Ammonium as N

Units: ug/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 40.00 159.00
Mean 9.42 11.28 10.62083
Low 5.00 5.00
No. of Samples 243 3882

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Nitrogen, Kjeldahl

Units: ug/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 930.00 1850.00
Mean 392.81 372.05 182.86376
Low 0.01 0.01
No. of Samples 295 4912

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Nitrogen, Nitrite + Nitrate as N

Units: ug/l Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 21.00 210.00
Mean 7.45 8.60 9.98525
Low 5.00 1.00
No. of Samples 286 5762

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

pH

Units: None Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 8.70 9.62
Mean 8.11 8.07 0.33432
Low 7.10 3.90
No. of Samples 395 13434

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Rainfall

Units: inches/yr Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 47.6 56.0
Mean 35.9 15.1375999308565
Low 8.1
No. of Samples 365 5381

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Salinity

Units: PSS Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 68.20 68.20
Mean 33.64 33.24 2.37177
Low 24.40 3.60
No. of Samples 271 17456

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Specific conductance

Units: umho Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 94950.00 94950.00
Mean 51138.12 51747.73 3593.54437
Low 38290.00 31.20
No. of Samples 276 5112

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Temperature, water

Units: deg F Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 93.38 100.40
Mean 75.25 76.94 9.1281
Low 53.06 35.24
No. of Samples 513 18024

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Turbidity

Units: NTU Year
2015
Historical
period of record
High 29.00 39.00
Mean 2.70 2.62 2.4452
Low 0.55 0.03
No. of Samples 298 14436

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Other Measures of Bay Health

In addition to nutrient levels and chlorophyll concentration, dissolved oxygen levels, and water clarity are also objective indicators of bay health. These have complex interactive cycles which are affected by rainfall, temperature, and tidal action, as well as other factors. High nutrient levels (nitrogen and phosphorus) can stimulate excessive growth of marine algae (indicated by chlorophyll a level), resulting in reduced water clarity (and increased light attenuation) and depleted oxygen levels. Both plants and animals in a bay need oxygen to survive, and the seagrasses which provide food and cover for bay creatures need light for photosynthesis.

Bay Contour Maps (2015)

Contour mapping is one of the best ways to visualize spatial differences in coastal water quality. The interactive map shown below presents monthly data for one selected water quality indicator atop an aerial view of the bay. Choose a different water quality parameter from the list at the top to change the map. Learn More about Water Quality Contour Mapping »

Showing 2015 Monthly Contour Maps for: January
Loading interactive contour map viewer...
Contour Visibility:

Visit the Water Quality Contour Mapping Tool to view and compare monthly water quality contour maps for ten different water quality indicators. In addition, you can generate your own custom maps.

Contour Legend:

  • Less than 1 mg/l
  • 1.0 - 5.9 mg/l
  • 6.0 - 10.9 mg/l
  • 11.0 - 17.9 mg/l
  • Greater than 18 mg/l

Seagrasses

Among the most important habitats in Florida's estuarine environments, seagrass beds are indispensable for the role they play in cycling nutrients, supplying food for wildlife, stabilizing sediments, and providing habitat for juvenile and adult finfish and shellfish. Use the interactive map below to observe the size, density and location of seagrass beds from year to year. The graph shows how the total amount of seagrass in the bay has changed over time.
Learn More about Seagrasses »

Showing Seagrass Coverage for :
Loading interactive seagrass coverage viewer...
Loading interactive chart...
  • Target 2,022 acres

Visit our Seagrass page to discover the beauty and importance of seagrass habitats, and sign up to help monitor their health.

Impervious Features

Sarasota Bay is located within the Sarasota Bay Watershed. View details about the Sarasota Bay Watershed »

Rain that falls on land that is in a natural state is absorbed and filtered by soils and vegetation as it makes it way into underground aquifers. However, in developed areas, "impervious surfaces" impede this process and contribute to polluted urban runoff entering surface waters. These surfaces include human infrastructure like roads, sidewalks, driveways and parking lots that are covered by impenetrable materials such as asphalt, concrete, brick and stone, as well as buildings and other permanent structures. Soils that have been disturbed and compacted by urban development are often impervious as well. Learn more about Impervious Features »

The Sarasota County Stormwater Environmental Utility (SEU) mapped impervious surfaces in the County in 2014. A map showing impervious surfaces can be viewed using the interactive Sarasota NPDES Viewer.

19% of the land area within the Sarasota Bay Watershed is covered by impervious surfaces

Impervious Surface Coverage by Type

Land Use / Land Cover

Land use within a bay's watershed has a major effect on its water quality. In general, less development means better water quality. Land Cover/Land Use classifications categorize land in terms of its observed physical surface characteristics (upland or wetland, e.g.), and also reflect the types of activity that are taking place on it (agriculture, urban/built-up, utilities, etc.). Florida uses as its standard a set of statewide classifications which were developed by the Florida Department of Transportation. Learn More about Land Use and Land Cover »

Sarasota Bay is located within the Sarasota Bay Watershed. The chart below shows the land use / land cover characteristics for Sarasota Bay Watershed within the boundary of this Water Atlas. View details about the Sarasota Bay Watershed »

Acreage and Percentage within each Land Use / Land Cover Category for Sarasota Bay Watershed
Land Use Classification 1990 2005 2014 Trend
Urban & Built-up 32,90853.3% 37,84461.3% 37,98761.6%
Agriculture 6,33810.3% 2,4974% 2,3093.7%
Rangeland 5470.9% 1990.3% 4300.7%
Upland Forests 3,5885.8% 2,1093.4% 1,9233.1%
Water 13,35021.6% 14,22723.1% 14,13122.9%
Wetlands 2,8704.7% 2,2273.6% 2,3723.8%
Barren Land 290% 90% 1090.2%
Transportation and Utilities 1,8453% 2,6024.2% 2,4534%
Land Use Chart

Data Sources

The data sources listed below provided water quality data used to create the report on this page. Not all data sources provided data for every bay, and not every Bay Conditions Report used data from all listed data sources. While some data sources have no data for the scored year, they provided period-of-record (historical high, mean, low) data. Click on a data source name to review its metadata.