Caution

1 out of 3 indicators were rated as PASS.

All three indicators must pass for the bay to be rated as PASS.

Learn more about how this report is created

Summary:

The health of Upper Lemon Bay deteriorated from “Good” to “Caution” from 2012 to 2013. The mean value of all three of the water quality measures used to score bay health increased.

Water Quality: Chlorophyll concentration was as high as 0.088 mg/l in 2012, exceeding the previous historical high value of 0.0601 mg/l, and far exceeding the threshold level of 0.0089 mg/l. Nitrogen likewise increased, though not as sharply. The mean value for nitrogen concentration rose from 0.0542 mg/l in 2011 to 0.5682 mg/l in 2012, with the maximum measured value also increasing, from 1.225 mg/l to 1.554 mg/l. Although phosphorus levels also increased, the change was much more gradual, and phosphorus concentration remains in the “Good” range. The mean phosphorus concentration in Upper Lemon Bay increased from 0.1084 mg/l in 2011 to 0.1448 mg/l in 2012, well below the target level 0.220 mg/l.

Biotic Indicator: Seagrass coverage continues to improve in Lemon Bay. The 2012 seagrass survey in Lemon Bay (including both the Upper and Lower segments) showed seagrass coverage of 3,740 acres, approaching the combined target of 3,890 acres. Upper Lemon Bay was not surveyed separately, but has a target level of 1,010 acres.

Upper Lemon Bay

Upper Lemon Bay

Water Chemistry Ratings

Total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and chlorophyll a levels are monitored carefully by water resource managers and used by regulatory authorities to determine whether a bay meets the water quality standards mandated by the Clean Water Act. The trend graphs for these indicators are shown below, along with their target and threshold values. A target value is a desirable goal to be attained, while a threshold is an undesirable level which is to be avoided. An individual indicator receives an "Excellent" rating if its mean value is below the target, a "Good" rating if its mean value is above the target but does not exceed the threshold, and a "Caution" rating if the mean value exceeds the threshold. Learn More about these ratings and how they are calculated »

The Five-year Rolling Average Graphs below illustrate the general trend of water quality parameters. They show a six-month running average, which moderates high and low values in the data.

Chart Legend
  • Trend Line
  • Annual Mean
  • Target
  • Threshold
Caution

Chlorophyll a

Score: Caution How was this determined?
Units: mg/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 0.088 0.088
Mean 0.010 0.009 0.00818774 0.0067000000
Low 0.002 0.000
No. of Samples 94 1340

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean
Caution

Nitrogen, Total

Score: Caution How was this determined?
Units: mg/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 1.504 2.800
Mean 0.568 0.2893405 0.5200000000
Low 0.245 0.000
No. of Samples 90 1306

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean
Excellent

Phosphorus, Total

Score: Excellent How was this determined?
Units: mg/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 0.260 0.880
Mean 0.137 0.182 0.09758397 0.2200000000
Low 0.050 0.050
No. of Samples 71 1006

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Dissolved Oxygen

Units: mg/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 9.00 30.30
Mean 5.76 6.06 1.70298 0.0000000000
Low 2.30 1.30
No. of Samples 78 2764

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Apparent Color

Units: PCU Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 65.00 280.00
Mean 26.54 30.38 26.9813
Low 7.00 5.00
No. of Samples 71 1005

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

BOD, Biochemical oxygen demand

Units: mg/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 3.00 7.60
Mean 1.55 1.78 1.14326
Low 0.60 0.50
No. of Samples 71 864

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Dissolved oxygen saturation

Units: percent (%) Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 135.25 180.07
Mean 90.43 89.39 19.91604
Low 61.00 21.60
No. of Samples 84 2476

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Karenia brevis ("red tide")

Units: #/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 256000.00 785000.00
Mean 11200.00 8523.81 56587.02045
Low 1000.00 1000.00
No. of Samples 70 504

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Light Attenuation

Units: K(1/m) Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 3.85 3.85
Mean 1.18 1.08 0.49337 0.0000000000
Low 0.27 0.16
No. of Samples 60 866

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Nitrogen, Ammonia + Ammonium as N

Units: ug/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 112.00 359.00
Mean 13.65 25.93 35.81515
Low 5.00 5.00
No. of Samples 71 1007

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Nitrogen, Kjeldahl

Units: ug/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 830.00 1330.00
Mean 540.00 530.19 193.12309
Low 240.00 0.05
No. of Samples 71 1006

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Nitrogen, Nitrite + Nitrate as N

Units: ug/l Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 37.00 130.00
Mean 7.28 9.07 11.25402
Low 5.00 5.00
No. of Samples 71 1437

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

pH

Units: None Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 8.30 8.90
Mean 7.76 7.98 0.3346
Low 4.80 4.80
No. of Samples 80 2124

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Salinity

Units: PSS Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 38.20 41.50
Mean 32.84 30.00 5.16505
Low 24.40 3.20
No. of Samples 78 3023

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Specific conductance

Units: umho Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 56450.00 60590.00
Mean 49110.83 46442.11 7831.04808
Low 38400.00 5800.00
No. of Samples 60 1063

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Temperature, water

Units: deg F Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 89.06 93.02
Mean 78.02 77.75 8.91135
Low 65.30 46.76
No. of Samples 100 2826

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Turbidity

Units: NTU Year
2012
Historical
period of record
High 12.00 66.00
Mean 4.60 2.92 2.13466
Low 1.40 0.00
No. of Samples 96 2574

Five-year Rolling Average

  • Annual Mean

Other Measures of Bay Health

In addition to nutrient levels and chlorophyll concentration, dissolved oxygen levels, and water clarity are also objective indicators of bay health. These have complex interactive cycles which are affected by rainfall, temperature, and tidal action, as well as other factors. High nutrient levels (nitrogen and phosphorus) can stimulate excessive growth of marine algae (indicated by chlorophyll a level), resulting in reduced water clarity (and increased light attenuation) and depleted oxygen levels. Both plants and animals in a bay need oxygen to survive, and the seagrasses which provide food and cover for bay creatures need light for photosynthesis.

Bay Contour Maps (2012)

Contour mapping is one of the best ways to visualize spatial differences in coastal water quality. The interactive map shown below presents monthly data for one selected water quality indicator atop an aerial view of the bay. Choose a different water quality parameter from the list at the top to change the map. Learn More about Water Quality Contour Mapping »

Showing 2012 Monthly Contour Maps for: January
Loading interactive contour map viewer...
Contour Visibility:

Visit the Water Quality Contour Mapping Tool to view and compare monthly water quality contour maps for ten different water quality indicators. In addition, you can generate your own custom maps.

Contour Legend:

  • Less than 1 mg/l
  • 1.0 - 5.9 mg/l
  • 6.0 - 10.9 mg/l
  • 11.0 - 17.9 mg/l
  • Greater than 18 mg/l

Seagrasses

Among the most important habitats in Florida's estuarine environments, seagrass beds are indispensable for the role they play in cycling nutrients, supplying food for wildlife, stabilizing sediments, and providing habitat for juvenile and adult finfish and shellfish. Use the interactive map below to observe the size, density and location of seagrass beds from year to year. The graph shows how the total amount of seagrass in the bay has changed over time. Seagrass calculations are aggregates of patchy and continuous seagrass measurements only. Recordings of attached algae are not included in these summaries.
Learn More about Seagrasses »

Showing Seagrass Coverage for :
Loading interactive seagrass coverage viewer...
Loading interactive chart...
  • Target 1,010 acres

Visit our Seagrass page to discover the beauty and importance of seagrass habitats, and sign up to help monitor their health.

Impervious Features

Upper Lemon Bay is located within the Lemon Bay Watershed. View details about the Lemon Bay Watershed »

Rain that falls on land that is in a natural state is absorbed and filtered by soils and vegetation as it makes it way into underground aquifers. However, in developed areas, "impervious surfaces" impede this process and contribute to polluted urban runoff entering surface waters. These surfaces include human infrastructure like roads, sidewalks, driveways and parking lots that are covered by impenetrable materials such as asphalt, concrete, brick and stone, as well as buildings and other permanent structures. Soils that have been disturbed and compacted by urban development are often impervious as well. Learn more about Impervious Features »

The Sarasota County Stormwater Environmental Utility (SEU) mapped impervious surfaces in the County in 2014. A map showing impervious surfaces can be viewed using the interactive Sarasota NPDES Viewer.

10% of the land area within the Lemon Bay Watershed is covered by impervious surfaces

Impervious Surface Coverage by Type

Land Use / Land Cover

Land use within a bay's watershed has a major effect on its water quality. In general, less development means better water quality. Land Cover/Land Use classifications categorize land in terms of its observed physical surface characteristics (upland or wetland, e.g.), and also reflect the types of activity that are taking place on it (agriculture, urban/built-up, utilities, etc.). Florida uses as its standard a set of statewide classifications which were developed by the Florida Department of Transportation. Learn More about Land Use and Land Cover »

Upper Lemon Bay is located within the Lemon Bay Watershed. The chart below shows the land use / land cover characteristics for Lemon Bay Watershed within the boundary of this Water Atlas. View details about the Lemon Bay Watershed »

Acreage and Percentage within each Land Use / Land Cover Category for Lemon Bay Watershed
Land Use Classification 1990 1995 1999 2005 2011 2014 Trend
Urban & Built-up 11,33133.6% 11,68834.7% 12,75437.9% 12,87238.2% 13,58940.4% 13,58940.4%
Agriculture 2,5157.5% 2,1976.5% 2,2846.8% 2,3256.9% 2,2556.7% 2,2556.7%
Rangeland 2,2096.6% 5,08215.1% 4,48613.3% 4,47913.3% 4,11512.2% 4,11512.2%
Upland Forests 9,36027.8% 6,44719.1% 5,87217.4% 5,63716.7% 5,10915.2% 5,10915.2%
Water 3,1049.2% 3,89711.6% 3,62210.8% 3,43710.2% 3,50110.4% 3,50110.4%
Wetlands 4,68913.9% 3,88811.5% 4,17812.4% 4,26512.7% 4,37513% 4,37513%
Barren Land 290.1% 00% 100% 00% 00% 00%
Transportation and Utilities 4431.3% 4701.4% 4651.4% 6551.9% 7262.2% 7262.2%
Land Use Chart

Data Sources

The data sources listed below provided water quality data used to create the report on this page. Not all data sources provided data for every bay, and not every Bay Conditions Report used data from all listed data sources. While some data sources have no data for the scored year, they provided period-of-record (historical high, mean, low) data. Click on a data source name to review its metadata.